In the late 1980's, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) recognized the growing significance of Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation, as it became evident that modelling approaches were critical for illuminating the structure and evolution of complex systems that were invading the areas of scientific analysis and technological design. Fields like Geology and Biology, which for a long time was considered largely observational and qualitative had already begun to exploit the new possibilities, offered by Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation to grow new areas of computational geology and computational biology.

c-mmacs building     The Council therefore established in 1988 the "CSIR Center for Mathematical Modelling and Computer Simulation", briefly called C-MMACS (pronounced as seemax). The Centre is located in the Belur Campus of the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bangalore. Prof. P Seshu, is the current Scientist-in-Charge of the centre. The policies and programmes of the centre are approved and monitored by a high level Advisory Committee under the Chairmanship of the Director General of CSIR, comprising members drawn from various Academic, R&D and Industrial Institutions. The centre has a core Scientific and Technical staffs with a dozen Ph.D's in varied areas notably, Physical, Mathematical and Engineering Sciences.

    It also has associates from other Institutions accredited to the centre, who closely work with the centre's staff on identified areas of Research. The centre has both in house and collaborative projects, quite, a few of which are sponsored. To-date, financial support of approximately three crores rupees has been received as external funding from the sponsoring agencies. Besides, the centre also gives specially designed courses as well as Technical Advice, Consultancy Services and access to its computing resources. As a result of these endeavors, a number of activities have now developed into important areas of Research and Development. Notable amongst these are Modelling of Hazard Environments, Pollution, Climate change and Modelling for new drugs.

    An important program initiated by the centre in the wake of the destructive later earthquake was the modelling of crustal strain in the Indian crust using the modern satellite based Global Positioning System receivers (GPS). The work carried out in the Southern peninsular over the past 15 months has demonstrated the ability of this approach to detect strain rates as low as 0.01 micro strain per year thereby opening a measurable approach to delineating areas of potential seismic hazard. This work has been carried out in close collaboration with a group of American scientists and several Indian Institutions. Over 25 control points for repeat base-line measurements have now been established with accuracy of less than 6mm. These measurements now interpreted using in-house computer processing capabilities have yielded the first directly measured values of the velocity of the Indian plate with respect to the Eurasian plate as well as with respect to the rotational axis of the earth.

    In another program, the initial evolutionary features of cyclones have been studied in the context of those originating in the Bay of Bengal. The first results indicate the possibility of developing viable Mathematical Modells for early warming of cyclones. Concern for increasing levels of pollution in the Assam oil fields has led to the development of a simulation program at C-MMACS now being carried out in close interaction with field tests conducted by the Regional Research Laboratory, Jorhat. The need to model marine pollution around Bombay has led to the development of another modelling and simulation programme, with support from the Department of Ocean Development and in co-operation with several other agencies, notably the Bombay Centers of NEERI and NIO. Exercises on ocean modelling, which bears on the role of oceans in moderating the impact of anthropogenic factors in climate change, have also been taken up. A simulation of the world's oceans has been carried out to reveal how seasonal changes occur in the oceans under normal climatic conditions. Also, detailed model simulations have been carried out on the effect of biological processes, particularly photosynthesis, on the transfer of Carbon from the atmosphere to the deep ocean. These studies are sponsored by the Department of Ocean Development under its MARSIS Phase II program. A simulation program to investigate the molecular structure of certain peptides has also been developed at C-MMACS in collaboration with IICT Hyderabad, This is expected to aid in development of new drugs. Most of the above activities have become possible because of the establishment of a world class-computing environment.
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